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nurse practitioner, gastrostomy tube, emergency department



  1. Maselli, Kathryn M. MD
  2. Camacho, Linda PNP, MSN, RN
  3. Delaplain, Patrick T. MD
  4. Nguyen, Michelle V. L. MD
  5. Mallicote, Michael MD
  6. Philippe-Auguste, Michael MD
  7. Gayer, Christopher P. MD, PhD


Background: Gastrostomy tube (G-tube) placement is commonly performed on pediatric patients but has high rates of emergency department (ED) utilization. We hypothesized that a nurse-practitioner-driven G-tube clinic would reduce ED visits and complications and improve provider and patient satisfaction.


Methods: After institutional review board approval, a retrospective chart review was conducted for all patients < 18 years old undergoing G-tube placement between January 2014 and June 2018. Data collected included demographics, indication, and type of G-tube as well as ED visits, clinic visits, and outcomes up to 1-year postoperative. Surveys were distributed to providers and parents to assess attitudes toward the clinic.


Results: There was a decrease in the number of physician clinic visits, but there was no difference in overall 30- or 90-day ED visits after institution of the G-Tube Clinic. In the cohort of patients who had problematic G-tube-related problems, such as granulation, plugged tube, or tube dislodgement, creation of the G-Tube Clinic significantly reduced 30-day (0.37 vs. 0.07, p = .0008), 90-day (0.27 vs. 0.73, p = .0031), and 1-year (0.6 vs. 1.18, p = .014) ED visits. Surgeon and patient satisfaction were improved with clinic implementation.


Conclusions: Implementation of a nurse-practitioner-managed clinic resulted in reduction in 30-day, 90-day, and 1-year ED visits among patients with gastrostomy issues and is associated with high levels of patient and provider satisfaction.