Buy this Article for $7.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.

Authors

  1. Reilly, Alice MSN, RN, APN, C, COHN-S
  2. Snyder, Barbara PhD, APRN, BC

Abstract

OVERVIEW: Raynaud phenomenon, a vascular disorder triggered by cold or emotional stress, results from an exaggerated vasoconstriction and vasospasm of the digital arteries and arterioles. The fingers, and, less often, the toes, are affected; ear lobes, lips, nose, and nipples may also be involved. This article describes the difference between primary and secondary Raynaud phenomenon and reviews etiology, diagnosis, prevention, and management of symptoms.