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education, ELNEC, ELNEC-KAT, end of life



  1. Orr, Shelly PhD, RN, CNE
  2. Falk, Mary MSN, RN, CCRN
  3. Elswick, R.K. PhD


Health care providers have an ethical obligation to reduce suffering during a patient's end of life (EOL), but few receive formal education on EOL care principles. The objective of this project was to determine the feasibility and potential benefits of an education initiative in which the principles of EOL care were taught to senior-level nursing students and practicing nurses. To assess feasibility, data regarding recruitment rates, retention rates, and implementation issues were collected. Workshop effectiveness was evaluated through use of the End-of-Life Nursing Education Consortium-Knowledge Assessment Test survey, which evaluates knowledge levels regarding EOL care principles. A mixed-effects linear model was used to test for changes from the preworkshop to postworkshop scores. Demographic information and satisfaction data were also collected. Nineteen students and 24 nurses participated (total N = 43). There was a statistically significant time difference (P = .0001), with the postworkshop scores being higher (43.5 +/- 0.93) versus the preworkshop scores (41.2 +/- 0.93). However, no statistically significant workshop date difference (P = .3146) emerged. Satisfaction data were positive. Retention for the second workshop was negatively affected by COVID-19. The unique needs of patients nearing their EOL are significant. This project describes the implementation and outcomes of an education initiative, focused on EOL care principles, that was both feasible and beneficial.