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Authors

  1. Avorgbedor, Forgive PhD, RN
  2. Gondwe, Kaboni W. PhD, UCM, RN
  3. Zou, Baiming PhD
  4. Conklin, Jamie L. MSLIS
  5. Yeo, Seonae PhD, RNC

Abstract

There is a lack of knowledge on the intersection between prematurity, small for gestational age, and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to examine the outcomes of preterm infants who were small for gestational age born to women with HDP. Searches were conducted with no date restriction through the final search date of May 13, 2020, in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science Core Collection, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature Plus with Full Text (EBSCOhost), and Embase (Elsevier). A total of 6 studies were eligible for this review. The adjusted odds of mortality and necrotizing enterocolitis were significantly lower in the pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH)/HDP group than in the non-PIH/HDP group. There was no significant difference in the odds of respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and intraventricular hemorrhage between PIH/HDP and non-PIH/HDP groups. There was no significant difference between PIH/HDP and non-PIH/HDP groups in cystic periventricular leukomalacia, retinopathy of prematurity, late-onset sepsis, patent ductus arteriosus, length of hospital stays, duration of supplemental oxygen use, duration of mechanical ventilation, and continuous airway pressure. The studies included in this systematic review demonstrated that PIH/HDP is associated with lower infant mortality and necrotizing enterocolitis.