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  1. Emami Zeydi, Amir PhD
  2. Ghazanfari, Mohammad Javad MSc
  3. Fast, Olive PhD
  4. Maroufizadeh, Saman PhD
  5. Heydari, Keyvan MD
  6. Gholampour, Mohammad Hashem BSc
  7. Karkhah, Samad Msc


Today, one of the major ethical challenges facing the world's health care system, and in particular nurses in the intensive care unit, is euthanasia or death out of pity. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitude of Iranian nurses in the intensive care unit toward euthanasia. This was an analytical cross-sectional study using census sampling. The data collection tool was the Euthanasia Attitude Scale. A total of 206 nurses working in the intensive care unit in 4 hospitals in the Mazandaran province of Iran were included in this study. The mean of total Euthanasia Attitude Scale score in intensive care unit nurses was 2.96. The mean euthanasia dimensions were ethical consideration, practical considerations, treasuring life, and naturalistic beliefs, 3.03, 2.92, 2.98, and 2.99, respectively. There was significant but low negative correlation between age and total Euthanasia Attitude Scale score, ethical considerations, and practical considerations. Male nurses exhibited significantly higher Euthanasia Attitude Scale scores, specifically in regard to ethical and practical considerations compared with female nurses. The most Iranian nurses in the intensive care unit had a negative attitude toward euthanasia for patients in the later stages of the disease. However, this opposition was less than similar studies in Iran in the past.