1. Zeng-Wang, Yiping Maggie MSN, FNP-BC
  2. Cares, Kristen MD
  3. Thomas, Ronald PhD
  4. El-Baba, Mohammad MD


Administering medications prior to infliximab infusions to prevent infusion-related infliximab reactions is a common practice in the United States. However, the premedication protocol varies among different institutions. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate whether the use of methylprednisolone was effective as a premedication to prevent infusion reactions while infliximab was administered to children with inflammatory bowel disease. The effect of concurrent use of other immunomodulators on the rate of reaction incidents was also studied. This was a retrospective chart review, assessing children younger than 21 years diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease from January 2008 to April 2018. The incident rate of infusion reactions was also compared between two cohorts: those who received the premedication of methylprednisolone and those who did not. Subgroup analysis of concomitant immunomodulators, infliximab dose and frequency, and anti-infliximab assay were also performed. A total of 34 subjects received methylprednisolone as a premedication and 151 subjects did not. No statistically significant difference of allergic reactions was found between the two groups (p = .727). Concomitant immunomodulator therapy lowered the likelihood of developing reactions (p = .048). This study was conducted to help pediatric gastroenterology and infusion nurses better understand and implement evidence-based approaches in the premedication protocol for infusions of anti-tumor necrosis factor-[alpha] (anti-TNF-[alpha]) antibody products.