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  1. Malik, Pashmina PharmD, MPH
  2. Rangel, Melissa PharmD, RPh
  3. VonBriesen, Tracy MS, RN


The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a high-stress environment causing a significant impact on frontline workers, including pharmacists and nurses. In addition to the increased workload, scarcity of resources, and emotional challenges, the frontline health care workers are required to wear additional personal protective equipment that can further limit their range of movement and decrease efficiency. The potential for errors can increase in these types of high-stress situations. One way to reduce the risk of errors is to use manufacturer-prepared, ready-to-administer (RTA) prefilled syringes, when appropriate. The use of RTA prefilled syringes is supported by literature evidence, recommendations, and guidelines from various professional organizations and societies.