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Authors

  1. Badowski, Donna DNP, MSN, RN, CNE, CHSE
  2. Rossler, Kelly L. PhD, RN, CHSE
  3. Reiland, Nanci DNP, RN, PHNA-BC
  4. Gill Gembala, Letitia (Tish) DNP, RN, CNE

Abstract

Background: Vital to the nurse-patient partnership is the use of active listening and a clear understanding of the patient's health care goals. Motivational Interviewing is an evidence-based, patient-centered communication technique that assists patients in self-identifying and committing to health behavior change.

 

Purpose: This study explored whether, where, and how Motivational Interviewing is integrated into current prelicensure nursing curricula.

 

Methods: An exploratory, descriptive study incorporated a researcher-developed survey.

 

Results: Participants (N = 112) represented 5 types of prelicensure nursing programs from across the United States. Forty-one participants reported using Motivational Interviewing within their program with accreditation being the primary rationale. Seventy-one participants reported not integrating Motivational Interviewing within their program with lack of knowledge being the primary rationale.

 

Conclusion: Further research on optimizing the integration of Motivational Interviewing educational content and practice into all levels and specialty areas of nursing education would help to identify best practices.