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  1. Cypress, Brigitte S. EdD, RN, CCRN
  2. Caboral-Stevens, Meriam PhD, RN, NP-C


There is no concept analysis in the literature about "sense of presence" in immersive virtual reality environment in the context of nursing clinical education. The purpose of this article is to explore the meaning and derive an operational definition of the concept of sense of presence within the context of immersive virtual reality environment in nursing clinical education. Using Rodgers' approach, this evolutionary concept analysis will clarify the concept's surrogate and related terms, attributes, antecedents, and consequences. A clearer conceptualization is paramount to help provide knowledge for nurses and other health care professionals, thus guiding their practice, theory, and research.