comfort, Comfort Theory, energy therapy, Healing Touch, measurement, outcomes



  1. Dowd, Therese PhD, RN
  2. Kolcaba, Katharine PhD, RN, C
  3. Steiner, Richard PhD, MPH


This study provided preliminary evidence for internal consistency reliability (Cronbach [alpha] = .94) of the newly developed Healing Touch Comfort Questionnaire. Fifty-six Healing Touch (HT) recipients (51 women and 5 men with a mean age of 51) completed the questionnaire. Participants with more than 4 HT treatments had higher comfort levels than those with fewer than 4.