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heart failure, nutritional requirements, obesity paradox



  1. Lennie, Terry A. PhD, RN


Promoting optimal nutritional intake may play an important role in the management of patients with heart failure. Unfortunately, no nutritional guidelines are currently available to assist clinicians in assuring adequate nutritional intake of these patients. The purposes of this article are to review currently available information on nutrition in heart failure and outline initial recommendations for micronutrient, protein, and omega-3 fatty intake. In addition, implications regarding the recent data showing improved health outcomes in obese patients are also addressed.