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  1. McIntosh, Erin MA, CF-SLP


Dysphagia, or difficult swallowing, can result in malnutrition, dehydration, aspiration pneumonia, and airway obstruction. Some primary etiologies of dysphagia include neurological disorders, traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, head and neck cancer, cervical spine injury, and stroke. Home care clinicians are often the first healthcare professionals to encounter patients exhibiting signs of dysphagia and can play an important role in identifying, referring, and educating patients with dysphagia. This article will discuss the broad types of dysphagia, the signs and symptoms that suggest dysphagia, and the possible etiology and treatment.