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  1. Averill, Richard F. MS
  2. Mills, Ronald E. PhD


The 1983 implementation of the Medicare Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) was successful in controlling Medicare inpatient costs because it was designed as a clinically credible management tool that facilitated real behavior change and performance improvement. The next phase of IPPS should expand the inpatient payment bundle to a hospital episode-of-care performance bundle that explicitly links episode cost and quality. A uniform, comparable, and transparent episode performance bundle that highlights the tradeoffs between episode cost and quality can expand the incentives to control costs and provide hospitals the management information to improve performance.