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children and youth, management, obesity, prevention



  1. Budd, Geraldine M. PhD, RN, CRNP
  2. Hayman, Laura L. PhD, RN, FAAN


The prevalence of child and adolescent obesity has increased dramatically in the last 20 years and has led to a rise in cardiovascular-related comorbidities, including type 2 diabetes, in children and youth. The American Heart Association (AHA) issued a scientific statement with available evidence and guidance for health professionals involved in the prevention and management of childhood obesity. The scientific statement was ranked as 1 of the Top 10 Research Advances of 2005 by the AHA. This article builds on the scientific statement, presents multilevel determinants, and emphasizes individual and population-based approaches to prevention. Treatment of child and youth obesity, along with the implications for nurses and other health professionals, is also included.