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  1. Morgan, Lisa M. RN, BSN
  2. Thomas, Dorothy J. RN, BSN, CIC


With the widespread use of central venous catheters in children, the incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CR-BSIs) is increasing. Current evidence-based practice strategies to decrease CR-BSIs include using maximum barrier techniques during insertion, practicing good hand hygiene, performing skin antisepsis with 2% chlorhexidine, using a chlorhexidine-impregnated patch (CIP) covered by a semipermeable polyurethane dressing, and promptly removing catheters when no longer needed. Implementation of evidence-based practice bundles, along with monthly monitoring of infection surveillance, has resulted in significant decreases in the average rates of CR-BSIs per 1,000 catheter days in many pediatric intensive care units.