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  1. Laschinger, Heather K. Spence PhD, RN
  2. Purdy, Nancy MScN, RN
  3. Almost, Joan MScN, RN


Objective: The purpose of this study is to test a theoretical model linking nurse managers' perceptions of the quality of the relationship with their supervisors, and empowerment to job satisfaction, and to examine the effect of a personal dispositional variable, core self-evaluation, on the relationships among these variables.


Background Data: Nursing leadership roles have been transformed as a result of dramatic changes within healthcare in the past decade, yet research on the nature of nurse manager work life in current work environments is limited.


Methods: A nonexperimental, predictive design was used in a sample of 141 hospital-based nurse managers obtained from a provincial registry.


Results: Approximately 40.4% of the variance in job satisfaction was explained by leader-member exchange quality (LMX), empowerment, and core self-evaluation.


Conclusion: Higher quality relationships with their immediate supervisor were associated with greater manager structural and psychological empowerment and, consequently, greater job satisfaction. Core self-evaluation played a strong significant role, affecting all components of the model. The results suggest that both situational and personal factors are important determinants of satisfying work environments for nurse managers.