1. Shan , Hui
  2. Li , Qi
  3. Xu , Xiaoqing
  4. Wang , Xiaoying
  5. Han , Jing
  6. Zhang , Ju


Self-efficacy and confrontation coping mode play important mediating roles between powerlessness and quality of life in patients with VLUs. By decreasing patients’ sense of powerlessness, boosting their self-efficacy, and encouraging them to adopt confrontation coping mode, health professionals can improve patients’ quality of life.