Buy this Article for $10.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


  1. Pearson, Marjorie L. PhD, MSHS
  2. Upenieks, Valda V. PhD, RN
  3. Yee, Tracy MPH
  4. Needleman, Jack PhD


Healthcare administrators increasingly face the challenge of how to spread innovation throughout their organizations. The authors present the results of an evaluation of the efforts of 3 major hospital systems to internally disseminate nursing unit change among medical-surgical units. The findings show that all 3 organizations carefully planned, coordinated, and implemented a spread process; none left dissemination to chance. Although clear differences were evident in the way they engineered their spread, many similarities also were found.