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child abuse, child rights, inflicted childhood neurotrauma, shaken baby syndrome



  1. Fiske, Elizabeth A. MSN, APRN, BC
  2. Hall, Joanne M. PhD, RN, FAAN


In this article, we review literature related to inflicted childhood neurotrauma (ICN). We discuss the rationale for use of the term "ICN," rather than the more benign, commonly used "shaken baby syndrome." The change in language alters the discourse about a potentially lethal outcome or lifelong problem for survivors. A description of ICN is followed by a discussion of ethical parameters and obligations of those who care for infants and children and professionals who are sentinels to these events such as law enforcement officials, nurses, physicians, and social workers.