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  1. Gundzik, Katherine


Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a significant problem in the ambulatory surgical setting. PONV results in delayed discharge, increased cost, and decreased patient satisfaction. Treating patients at risk for PONV preemptively before surgery can minimize these negative outcomes. Nurses play a key role in preventing PONV by first identifying patients at risk. Administering medication and fluids, providing comfort measures, and assessing the patient throughout the postoperative course are crucial nursing functions in the treatment of PONV. However, successful patient outcomes require a multidisciplinary approach. There have been great advances in the treatment of this common postoperative complication with improved anesthesia techniques and newer antiemetic drugs. Future research is needed to determine optimal combinations and timing of medications. Effective prevention and treatment of PONV improve patient outcomes and provide a more pleasant postoperative experience for the patient.