1. Section Editor(s): JUAREZ, MAUREEN J.

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The best diet for infants during the first 4 to 6 months is breast milk. If breast milk or baby formula is not available, the nurse can choose between two options.

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Option 1


* 2 parts boiled, cooled cow's milk


* 1 part boiled, cooled water


* 1 large spoonful of sugar or oil for each large glass



Option 2


* 2 parts canned evaporated milk


* 3 parts boiled, cooled water


* 1 large spoonful sugar or oil for each large glass



To treat dehydration, give breast milk first, then offer oral rehydration therapy. Give sips of the following every few minutes:


* 1 liter of clean water


* 1/2 teaspoon of salt


* 8 teaspoon of sugar



(Werner, Thumanc, & Maxwell, 2007)


Werner, D., Thumanc, C., & Maxwell, J. (2007). Nutrition: What to eat to be healthy. In Where there is no doctor: A village healthcare handbook (9th ed., chapter 11, p. 120). Berkley CA: The Hesperian Foundation. Retrieved February 15, 2008 at [Context Link]