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Keywords

bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, inflammation, interleukin, transforming growth factor-[beta]

 

Authors

  1. Angerio, Allan D. PhD

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Understanding what happens at a cellular level will lead to more effective treatments. Interleukins and transforming growth factor-[beta] are important inflammatory mediators that may be significant in the evolution of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.