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Benner's Professional advancement model, caring, descriptive research, narratives, thematic analysis, Watson's theory of caring



  1. Norman, Vivian MSN, RN, CCRN
  2. Rutledge, Dana N. PhD, RN
  3. Keefer-Lynch, Ann Marie MSN, FNP-BC, RN
  4. Albeg, Gloria BS, RNC


In an exploratory descriptive study using nurse-written clinical narratives, dimensions of Watson's Theory of Caring are reflected in nurses' descriptions of specific clinical events or situations, and narratives of nurses who are less experienced differ in terms of the caring dimensions than do those of more experienced nurses.