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cesarean birth, diabetes, hypertension, neonatal outcomes, obesity, pregnancy



  1. Kriebs, Jan M. CNM, MSN, FACNM


Over the last 40 years, there have been significant increases in the rates of overweight and obesity in childbearing women. There has been a parallel increase in the rates of pregnancy complications including hypertension, diabetes, fetal macrosomia, and complications of delivery. Caregivers can focus on appropriate interventions during pregnancy and childbirth to improve outcomes and prevent harm.