1. Section Editor(s): Kennedy, Maureen Shawn MA, RN

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The birth rate for teenagers 15 and older rose 3% in 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported ( This first increase in the number of births to U.S. teenagers since 1991 may be partly due to abstinence-only sex education, which doesn't change teens' behavior, says Jill Janke, a professor of nursing at the University of Alaska Anchorage and a board member of the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses. Janke also speculates that the 15-year decline in teen pregnancies may have led to a complacency in pushing the message to that age group. What does work, she adds, is education that combines abstinence and contraception, stressing a "caring relationship before intimacy."