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adaptation, dependency, prison, prisoners



  1. Marlow, Elizabeth PhD, NP
  2. Chesla, Catherine DNSc, RN, FAAN


Approximately 60% to 70% of all individuals on parole are reincarcerated within 3 years of release from prison. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of parolees' correctional experiences on their reintegration efforts. Qualitative data were collected via individual interviews with 17 male parolees. Findings revealed 3 types of correctional system adaptations-acquiescence, inaction, and aggression-and 2 patterns of system dependency-reluctant acceptance and complete reliance. Effective health and reintegration policy for individuals on parole must integrate the problems and issues of long-term involvement in correctional and criminal life into programs and interventions for these individuals.