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  1. Contrada, Emily

Article Content



1. Coleman and Watson reported that the average toothbrushing time for nursing home residents during oral care delivered by nursing assistants was


a. 16.2 seconds.


b. 21.4 seconds.


c. 26.6 seconds.


d. 31.8 seconds.



2. According to a same study by Coleman and Watson, what percentage of nursing home residents received oral care?


a. 6%


b. 16%


c. 26%


d. 36%



3. According to Pyle and colleagues, nursing home executive directors rated residents' oral health as


a. good.


b. fair to good.


c. fair to poor.


d. poor.



4. Henry and colleagues' survey of nursing home residents indicated that what percentage of them had not seen a dentist in more than 5 years?


a. 10%


b. 25%


c. 33%


d. 50%



5. Terpenning and colleagues found a significant association between the presence of pathogenic oral bacteria and the incidence of


a. pulmonary embolism.


b. inflammatory bowel disease.


c. gastroesophageal reflux.


d. aspiration pneumonia.



6. According to Thorstensson and colleagues, compared with diabetic subjects who had minimal or no periodontal disease, diabetic subjects who also had severe periodontal disease had a significantly higher prevalence of which of the following?


a. angina


b. cancer


c. heart failure


d. osteoarthritis



7. The first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey indicated that periodontal disease is a significant risk factor for


a. gout.


b. stroke.


c. anemia.


d. endocarditis.



8. The gold standard of oral hygiene is


a. flossing.


b. rinsing.


c. toothbrushing.


d. swabbing.



9. Nursing home residents show less resistance to oral care when caregivers


a. deliver it more frequently.


b. ask family members to perform it.


c. perform it for residents as soon as they awaken.


d. encourage them to perform it themselves.



10. Caregivers might have better access to the mouths of resistant residents if they used toothbrushes that have


a. handles bent back at about 45[degrees].


b. larger heads than standard brushes do.


c. several bright colors.


d. a suction apparatus.



11. When brushing the teeth of patients who have severe disabilities and are prone to gagging and choking, caregivers should use which of the following on the brush?


a. hydrogen peroxide


b. a minty mouthwash


c. a pea-size amount of toothpaste


d. enough toothpaste to cover the entire brushing surface



12. In severely debilitated patients, caregivers should deliver oral hygiene care with a foam stick soaked in


a. normal saline solution.


b. an alcohol-based mouthwash.


c. a chlorhexidine mouth rinse.


d. lemon and glycerin.



13. The preferred position for alert patients receiving oral care is


a. standing.


b. side-lying.


c. semireclining.


d. sitting upright.



14. Fatal asphyxiation by airway obstruction typically involves


a. food.


b. mucus.


c. emphysema.


d. anaphylaxis.



15. Some experts recommend using jejunostomy tubes instead of gastrostomy tubes to feed patients who have a history of


a. dehydration.


b. pneumonia.


c. dementia.


d. chronic disability.



16. Of the following, the highest-priority aspect of oral care at the end of life is


a. flossing daily.


b. assessing for gum inflammation and infection.


c. providing comfort through gentle cleansing.


d. suctioning oral and pharyngeal secretions.