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  1. Cutilli, Carolyn Crane


Most individuals view ethics in healthcare as reserved only for dramatic situations such as withdrawing life support. However, almost everyday, routine decisions in healthcare involve ethics. Providing patient education in an effective manner depends upon using an ethical approach. This article discusses various philosophical approaches to making ethical decisions in healthcare, specifically patient and family and education; however, the main purpose of the article is the application of the Symphonological approach utilizing case studies.