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bone mineral density, exercise, osteoporosis, Wollf's law, yoga



  1. Fishman, Loren M. MD, BPhil(Oxon)


Context: More than 200 000 000 people suffer from osteoporosis or osteopenia worldwide. An innocuous and inexpensive treatment would be welcome.


Study design: Serial controlled repeated measure.


Patients: Eighteen serial patients with osteoporosis or osteopenia, average age 68 years.


Methods: Qualifying blood and urine tests and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan preceding 10-minute daily yoga. DEXA scan repeated after 2 years.


Outcome Measurement: Comparison of pre- and postyoga DEXA scans, injuries.


Results: Yoga practitioners gained 0.76 and 0.94 points for spine and hips, respectively, on the T-scale when compared with controls (P = .01). Five patients with osteopenia were reclassified as normal; 2 patients with osteoporosis are now osteopenic. There were no injuries.


Conclusion: Yoga appears to be an effective way to build bone mineral density after menopause.