Clinical Update: Malignant Melanoma

Malignant melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer. It can arise on normal skin or from an existing mole. Risk factors for malignant melanoma include large amounts of exposure to natural or artificial sunlight, a fair complexion, a history of severe sunburns in youth, the presence of moles, and a family history of atypical nevi.
 
A helpful mnemonic to use when examining skin lesions and assessing for malignant melanoma is ABCDE:
A = Asymmetrical lesion
B = Border is irregular
C = Colors of lesion are multiple
D = Diameter of the lesion is greater than 0.5 cm
E = Elevated or Enlarging lesion
If not treated promptly, malignant melanoma can spread to other areas of the skin, the lymph nodes, and other organs. Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer and may include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and/or biologic therapy.
For more news and articles related to skin cancer, visit Clinical Update: Skin Cancer and Clinical Update: Skin Cancer Prevention.
 
*Access to CE articles is through Lippincott NursingCenter.com. To return to the Skin Care Network from NursingCenter, click the Skin Care Network link under the Clinical Resources navigation button.
This Just In

From Our Journals

 My Journey From Melanoma Patient to Melanoma Crusader
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association 
March/April 2015

 Malignant Melanoma: Advances in Treatment 
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
May/June 2014
 

 Management of Fungating Tumors and Pressure Ulcers in a Patient With Stage IV Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma 
Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing
June 2014
 

 From Sun Addicted to Sun Savvy: Melanoma From a Patient’s Perspective
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
April 2014 

 Malignant Melanoma
Plastic Surgical Nursing
September 2011

 PATIENT EDUCATION SERIES: Melanoma
Nursing2011
May 2011

 Dermatology Dilemmas: Influencing melanoma prevention
The Nurse Practitioner: The American Journal of Primary Health Care
March 2011


 Caring for a patient with malignant melanoma
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!
January/February 2011


 Melanoma Staging: A Review of the Revised American Joint Committee on Cancer Guidelines  
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
November/December 2010 


 Advances in Treatment of Metastatic Melanoma: Ipilimumab Interview With Dr. F. Stephen Hodi, M.D.
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
November/December 2010 


 Dysplastic Nevi and the Risk of Melanoma: Current Evaluation and Management
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
July/August 2009


 Perceived Intrafamily Melanoma Risk Communication
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
July/August 2009


 Prevention through vigilance: Malignant melanoma management 
Nursing Management
June 2009


 Dermatology Discussion: The ABCs of Melanoma Recognition
The Nurse Practitioner: The American Journal of Primary Health Care
June 2006


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