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aortic valve, minimally invasive, mini-sternotomy, partial sternotomy, transesophageal echocardiogram



  1. Nauer, Kathleen A. RN, BSN
  2. Schouchoff, Barbara RN, BSPA, MHSA, CNA
  3. Demitras, Kathleen CST


Heart surgery has seen the emergence of minimally invasive surgery in the quest for less traumatic and less painful surgery. This procedure can be provided without the increased cost of endoscopic instrumentation by use of standard instrumentation, cannulation, and prostheses. A small incision and partially split sternum provide the patient with less postoperative pain and bleeding and early extubation and discharge from the hospital.