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cardiovascular nursing, cost control, length of stay, managed care



  1. Edwardon, Sandra R. PhD, RN


Length of hospitalization for many cardiovascular conditions has decreased dramatically recently. Many attribute this increase to the cost constraints imposed by managed care and to improved technologies. Although technological developments have contributed to cost inflation, they have also reduced the need for long hospitalizations and improved patient outcomes. This new context for delivering cardiovascular services is discussed in terms of the challenges and opportunities for nursing leadership in several aspects of care.