Buy this Article for $10.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


cognitive, impairment, falls, restraints



  1. Gilbert, Michele MSN, RN
  2. Counsell, Colleen MSN, RN, CCRN


Physical restraints have been the standard of practice to manage certain types of patient behavior, such as unstable mobility, wandering, agitation, and interference with medical treatment. However, this intervention is not without serious negative consequences. Patients with neurological disorders or injuries are often at high risk for being restrained. The need to change to a more positive, patient-focused, restraint-free model was the goal of this project. A convenience sample of adult patients who were admitted to a neurological unit were studied. Outcome data that were assessed included (1) staff nurses' perception of restraints, (2) fall rate, (3) fall rate with injury, and (4) tube/line loss rate. Staff perceptions of restraints were assessed by administering the Perception of Restraints use Questionnaire (PRUQ) before and after implementation of the restraint-reduced environment. The results of the outcome data support the change to a more restraint-reduced environment, as indicated by fall rate, fall rate with injury, and tube/line loss. Additionally, nurses' perceptions of restraints, as measured by the PRUQ, indicated a trend toward less emphasis on the use of restraints to control specific unsafe or undesirable patient behaviors.