geriatric aquatics, water exercise



  1. Gulick, Dawn T. PT, PhD, ATC, CSCS


Physical activity is an extremely important component of a healthy lifestyle and has been shown to be a strong promoter of longevity. The physical properties of the water, buoyancy and hydrostatic pressure, make movement easier with less musculoskeletal compression forces than that experienced on land. This article addresses the physical properties of water and the impact on the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems of the geriatric population. Evidence-based recommendations are provided for safe and effective methods of implementing and monitoring aquatic activity in both the geriatric population who are healthy and those with pathology.