aquatic exercise, aquatic therapy, arthritis, hydrotherapy, osteoarthritis, rehabilitation



  1. Tilden, Helen M. RN
  2. Reicherter, E. Anne PT, DPT, PhD, OCS, CHES
  3. Reicherter, Frank PTA, BS


Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint process prevalent in the older adult population. Aquatic therapy is an effective and efficient method with which to address the pain, decreased strength, range of motion, and neuromotor control that can accompany arthritis. This article presents the current evidence-based support for the use of aquatic therapy with persons with osteoarthritis and provides progression application from a clinic-based to community-based, recreational exercise program. Sample exercise programs for the upper and lower body are provided to address a variety of outcomes.