1. Knox, Sally EdD, RN
  2. Irving, Jo Annalee MS, ARNP, CS


Most healthcare organizations in the United States are in the process of some type of organizational change or transition. Professional nurses and other healthcare providers practicing in U.S. healthcare delivery organizations are very aware of the dramatic effects of restructuring processes. A phenomenal amount of change and concern is occurring with organizational redesign, generating many questions and uncertainties. These transitions challenge the basic assumptions and principles guiding the practice of clinical and management roles in healthcare.