collaboration, interprofessional, organizational factors, work environment



  1. Smith, Kevin MSc(A), RN
  2. Lavoie-Tremblay, Melanie PhD, RN
  3. Richer, Marie-Claire PhD, RN
  4. Lanctot, Suzanne MSc(N), RN


Collaborative relationships are influenced by the context of the organization in which health professionals work. There is limited knowledge concerning the influence that organizational factors have on this process. A descriptive study design using semistructured interviews was used to explore nurses' perceptions of the organizational factors that influence the development of collaborative relationships in health care teams. Eight nurses from a university-affiliated teaching hospital in Montreal participated in this study. Nurses described a variety of experiences where effective collaboration took place. One common theme emerged from the participants: Being Available for Collaboration. Nurses perceived that 2 particular organizational factors-time and workday scheduling-influenced the development of collaborative relationships. This study supports the need for health care managers to promote and invest in alternative means of communication technology and to structure clinical care environments to help promote the development of collaborative relationships within health care teams.