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healthcare missions, nursing, Pender's Health Promotion Model, poverty, single mothers



  1. Briggs, Crista L.
  2. Lovan, Sherry
  3. Cornell, Audrey


In 2009, female-headed households represented 29.9% (4.4 million) of all U.S. families, with many living below the poverty line. A church in Bowling Green, Kentucky, began a Single Mothers' Oil Change service, incorporating health screening by nurses using Pender's Health Promotion Model. Nurses are equipped to identify health barriers and offer health promotion guidance and social support to single, low-income women.