Buy this Article for $10.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


  1. Sportsman, Susan PhD, RN, ANEF
  2. Poster, Elizabeth PhD, RN, FAAN
  3. Curl, Eileen Deges PhD, RN, CNE
  4. Waller, Paul PhD, RN
  5. Hooper, Janice PhD, RN


This article describes the results of strategies to elicit views of practicing nurses by the Texas Board of Nursing regarding competencies expected of new graduate licensed vocational nursing/LPN, associate degree/diploma, and baccalaureate nurses. The implications of these perceptions regarding the competencies expected of new graduates in Texas are considered, with questions posed for future exploration.