adult day care, Alzheimer disease, caregivers, hospice, Hospice Use Model



  1. Karikari-Martin, Pauline MPH, MSN, RN
  2. McCann, Judith J. PhD, RN
  3. Hebert, Liesi E. ScD
  4. Haffer, Samuel C. PhD
  5. Phillips, Marcia PhD, RN


Hospice is an underused service among people with Alzheimer disease. This study used the Hospice Use Model to examine community, care recipient, and caregiver characteristics associated with hospice use before death among 145 community-dwelling care recipients with Alzheimer disease and their caregivers. Secondary analysis using logistic regression modeling indicated that older age, male gender, black race, and better functional health of care recipients with Alzheimer disease were associated with a decreased likelihood of using hospice (model [chi]25 = 23.5, P = .0003). Moreover, care recipients recruited from an Alzheimer clinic were more likely to use hospice than those recruited from adult day-care centers. Caregiver factors were not independent predictors of hospice use. However, there was a significant interaction between hours of care provided each week and recruitment site. Among care recipients from the Alzheimer clinic, the probability of hospice use increased as caregiving intensity increased. This relationship was reversed in care recipients from day-care centers. Results suggest that adult day-care centers need to partner with hospice programs in the community. In conclusion, care recipient and community service factors influence hospice use in individuals with Alzheimer disease.