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  1. Ryan, Marybeth PhD, RN
  2. Rosario, Roxanne BS


In an era when emphasis is placed on implementing quality improvement and research initiatives promoting quality patient care, confusion often exists about the differences between research and performance improvement. The authors discuss the construction of a performance improvement/research differentiation form, a decision-making tool designed to assist nurses distinguish between these processes and inform them about the regulatory requirements to protect the rights and interests of patients.