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  1. Hong, Sunwoo PhD, RN
  2. Kim, Shinmi PhD, RN
  3. Park, Kwang Ok PhD, RN
  4. Koh, Sujin PhD, MD


Awareness of advance directives (AD) among 293 nurses working in acute hospitals was evaluated through a structured questionnaire. Nurses were poorly acquainted with AD. Education about AD and related concepts are required in college and field experience to improve practice and communication with patients at the end of life.