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  1. Henneman, Philip L. MD
  2. Marquard, Jenna L. PhD
  3. Fisher, Donald L. PhD
  4. Bleil, Justin BS
  5. Walsh, Brendan BS
  6. Henneman, Justin P. MS
  7. Blank, Fidela S. MS, RN
  8. Higgins, Ann Marie RN
  9. Nathanson, Brian H. PhD
  10. Henneman, Elizabeth A. PhD, RN


Using observation, eye tracking, and clinical simulation with embedded errors, we studied the impact of bar-code verification on error identification and recovery during medication administration. Data supported that bar-code verification may reduce but does not eliminate patient identification (ID) and medication errors during clinical simulation of medication administration.