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  1. Sears, Sharon R. PhD
  2. Bolton, Suzanne RN, HN-BC
  3. Bell, Kristina L.


This empirical study found that a holistic perioperative program significantly reduced patient pain and anxiety about surgery. Modalities included guided imagery, eye pillow, aromatherapy, and a written personal healing plan. Nurses are in a prime position to deliver these interventions, given their frequent direct contact with patients.