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Authors

  1. Kelly, Lesly A. PhD, RN
  2. Wicker, Teri L. PhD, RN
  3. Gerkin, Richard D. MD, MS

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although organizations strive to develop transformational leaders, frontline nurse managers and directors are often inadequately prepared and lack transformational leadership (TL) behaviors.

 

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of TL practices, nurse characteristics, and formal leadership training of frontline nurse leaders in a large health system.

 

METHODS: A survey of 512 frontline nurse leaders in 23 hospitals assessed demographic characteristics, the amount of leadership training received, and self-perceived leadership behaviors, measured through the Leadership Practices Inventory.

 

RESULTS: Formal training influences only 1 component of TL behaviors, helping train leaders to model the way for their employees. Increasing a nurse leader's level of formal education has a significant effect in improving overall TL practices and behaviors that inspire a shared vision and challenge the process.

 

CONCLUSION: To build transformational frontline nurse leaders, organizations should balance formal leadership training programs with advanced degree attainment to encourage leaders to envision and challenge the future.