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  1. Mercer, Danielle MBA
  2. Russell, Elizabeth MSc
  3. Arnold, Kara A. PhD


OBJECTIVE: This study examined healthcare managers' perceptions of flexible working arrangements and implementation barriers.


BACKGROUND: Work-life conflict can lead to negative health implications, but flexible working arrangements can help manage this conflict. Little research has examined its implementation in 24/7/365 healthcare organizations or within groups of employees working 9 AM to 5 PM (9-5) versus shift-work hours.


METHODS: Questionnaires regarding perceptions to, benefits of, and barriers against flexible working arrangements were administered to managers of 9-5 workers and shift workers in an Atlantic Canadian healthcare organization.


RESULTS: Few differences in perceptions and benefits of flexible working arrangements were found between management groups. However, results indicate that the interaction with patients and/or the immediacy of tasks being performed are barriers for shift-work managers.


CONCLUSIONS: The nature of healthcare presents barriers for managers implementing flexible working arrangements, which differ only based on whether the job is physical (shift work) versus desk related (9-5 work).