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  1. Ives-Erickson, Jeanette DNP, RN, FAAN
  2. Duffy, Mary E. PhD, RN, FAAN
  3. Jones, Dorothy A. EdD, RN, FAAN


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the Patient Care Associates' Work Environment Scale (PCA-WES).


BACKGROUND: Few studies exist examining patient care associates (PCAs) working in acute care settings, and no instruments are available to examine the impact of the work environment on their practice.


METHODS: A psychometric evaluation using a nonprobability purposive sample of 390 PCAs was undertaken.


RESULTS: Cronbach's [alpha] internal consistency reliability of the total score was .95. Principal components analysis with varimax rotation and Kaiser normalization identified 5 components that accounted for 57.2% of variance and confirmed the original theoretical structure. The resulting 35-item scale had subscale Cronbach's [alpha] reliability estimates that ranged from .84 to .93.


CONCLUSIONS: The multidimensional PCA-WES is a psychometrically sound measure of 5 components of the PCA practice environment in the acute care setting and is sufficiently reliable and valid for use as independent subscales in healthcare research.