1. Beecher, Michael PT, DPT, OCS, SCS, CSCS
  2. Keener, Annie PT, DPT, CSCS
  3. Danford, Jane PT, DPT, CSCS


Musculoskeletal pain is one of the most common reasons for seeking medical care, with up to 20% of adults consulting their general practitioner for a musculoskeletal problem in the course of a year. The incidence of musculoskeletal pain has been shown to increase substantially in older adults. In a study performed to determine the annual consultation prevalence for musculoskeletal conditions, elbow pain accounted for about 3% of all injures. The purpose of this synthesis is to review the existing literature regarding manual therapy for the treatment of painful elbow conditions in aging and older adults and to make recommendations, where applicable, to guide treatment.