parental self-care behaviors, parental self-efficacy, parenting, personal health behaviors, self-care, self-management, substance use, substance use disorders



  1. Raynor, Phyllis PhD, PMHNP-BC, APRN
  2. Pope, Charlene PhD, MPH, RN, FAAN


Background: Lack of stress modifiers, such as self-care behaviors (SCBs), can increase vulnerability to drug use for parents in recovery from substance use disorders (SUDs).


Purpose: The purpose of this integrative review was to determine how the existing literature describes, conceptualizes, and measures SCB for parents in the general population for its application to parents with a history of SUD.


Methods: Framed by Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory of Substance Abuse, four qualitative and five quantitative studies identify SCB, although only one study describes SCB of parents in recovery.


Results: Few studies addressed parental SCB, and most of those studies focused on behaviors for new mothers with or without SUDs during the early child years.


Conclusions: Exploring the role of SCB in relation to parental well-being for the general population is a needed area for further research, even more so for parents who are recovering from SUDs.