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Authors

  1. Schoenberg, Leslie DNP, RN, PHN, CNE, CPNP

Abstract

Home healthcare providers play a critical role in the prevention of unintended pregnancies by providing evidence-based contraception education during home visits. This article describes an innovative and comprehensive contraception protocol that was developed for Nurse-Family Partnership to improve contraception education for home healthcare patients. The protocol focused on increasing uptake of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) for high-risk prenatal and postpartum home healthcare patients. The protocol was designed to reduce early subsequent pregnancies and thereby improve outcomes for mothers and their infants. An evidence-based translation project was designed and piloted in three California counties. The protocol consisted of a contraception education module for nurses and a patient education toolkit. The toolkit included an interactive patient education workbook emphasizing LARC methods for nurses to complete with their patients along with other teaching tools. The project was evaluated using pre- and posttest surveys that measured changes in nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and practice before, after, and 2 months after implementation. Outcomes revealed the following statistically significant results: (a) nurses' knowledge doubled at the first posttest and persisted at 2 months, (b) nurses' attitudes improved on two of the three measures, and (c) there was a 17.7% increase in the frequency of LARC birth control education 2 months after implementation. An evidence-based contraception protocol can promote acceptance of LARC methods and improve home healthcare clinician comfort with and frequency of birth control education.